Bangladeshi citizenship was formed in , when the permanent residents of the former East Pakistan were transformed into citizens of a new republic. The vast majority of Bangladeshis are ethnolingustically Bengalis , an Indo-Aryan people who are predominantly Muslim. The population of Bangladesh is concentrated in the fertile Bengal delta , which has been the center of urban and agrarian civilizations for millennia. The country's highlands, including the Chittagong Hill Tracts and parts of the Sylhet Division , are home to various tribal minorities.
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It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, with a population exceeding million people, in an area of according to CIA World factbook , square kilometres 57, sq mi ,  and according to Bangladesh Statistics Bureau , square kilometres 56, sq mi  making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north, and east, Myanmar to the southeast, and the Bay of Bengal to the south. It is narrowly separated from Nepal and Bhutan by the Siliguri Corridor , and from China by the Indian state of Sikkim in the north, respectively. Dhaka , the capital and largest city , is the nation's economic, political, and cultural hub. Chittagong , the largest seaport is the second-largest city.
Your text will be returned. Send a text message if your call is not answered. We will get back to you as soon as possible. Consular service delivery update: BHC London delivers record high, , post covid consular services in the month of Independence March The UK Government in their travel advisory have announced today that Bangladesh will be added in their list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination at 4am on Monday 11 October Henceforth, tavellers from Bangladesh with UK approved double vaccines will no longer be required to day hotel quarantine in England.
Bangladesh authorities are arbitrarily arresting government critics under the draconian Digital Security Act, stifling civil society, independent media, and human rights activists. There are serious and numerous allegations of torture, extrajudicial killings, and enforced disappearances by security forces that continue to operate with near complete impunity. Though Bangladesh has upheld its international obligations not to forcibly return Rohingya refugees to Myanmar, the government has adopted severely repressive measures denying refugees their rights to information, education, and health, and has detained hundreds of refugees on a flood-prone silt island in the Bay of Bengal without freedom of movement or access to critical humanitarian and protection services. Authorities fail to protect LGBT people, religious minorities, and indigenous populations. Women and girls face widespread violence and sexual assault without reliable protection or legal recourse. Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. A Decade of Enforced Disappearances in Bangladesh.